When it comes to intelligence, one of the most controversial ongoing debates is whether gender affects intelligence – in other words, who is the smarter sex, men or women?
Research indicates that men’s brains and women’s brains are in fact different. Men and women have different structures and wiring in the brain, and they may also use their brains differently.
Men do score better at tasks that involve orienting objects in space, while women do better at language tests.
Scientists have known for a while now that men and women have slightly different brains, but for many years they thought the changes were limited to the hypothalamus — the part of your brain that controls sex drive and food intake.
Researchers have confirmed that sizes of certain parts of the brain are different in men and women. Part of the frontal lobe, responsible for problem-solving and decision-making, and the limbic cortex, responsible for regulating emotions, are larger in women. In men, the parietal cortex is bigger. This area of the brain is involved in space perception. The Theamygdala, which regulates sexual and social behavior, is also larger in men than women.
Men also have approximately 6.5 times more gray matter in the brain than women, and women have about 10 times more white matter than men do. This difference may account for differences in how men and women think — gray matter is full of active neurons, while white matter consists more of connections between the neurons.
Nonetheless, the average IQ scores are the same for both men and women.
So who is the smarter sex? The jury is still out. So for the time being, the battle of the sexes continues!
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